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2019年广州市中考英语语法复习之状语从句(2)

来源:家长帮社区    作者:前方万丈光芒    2019-03-25 18:10:04

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  6. 目的状语从句

  引导目的状语从句的主要连词有: that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest

  (So) that --- 以便, 从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等

  Let’s take the front seats (so) that we may see more clearly.

  in order that --- 为了, 与so that  相同从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等

  School was closed early in order that the children might go home ahead of the storm.

  for fear that --- 生怕; 为了防止(某事发生)

  He took the name down for fear that he should forget it.

  in case --- 万一

  You should bring a dictionary in case you need it.

  Lest --- 以防万一

  The man decided to tell his boss the fact lest he would be angry with him.

  7.  让步状语从句

  引导让步状语从句的连词有:Although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether.

  Although, though ---虽然 although  和though 可以互换,但although 常放在句首。Though可以用于倒装。

  Although it was raining, the plane managed to take off.

  Though he did his best, he didn’t succeed.

  As --- 尽管  as 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装。可与though 互换。

  Busy as he is, he never misses a football match.

  Even if /even though ---即使

  Even if you don’t like your boss, you should do your work.

  However --- 不论, however 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装

  He couldn’t get there on time however fast he drove.

  No matter (what, when, where, how) ---无论(什么,何时,何地,怎样)

  He wouldn’t forgive me no matter how hard I begged him.

  Whatever --- 不管

  Whatever other people may say, she won’t change her mind.

  While ---尽管

  While I have sympathy for you, I can’t help you.

  Whether ---不管,常与or not 连用

  Whether he is good or not, the company decided to send him abroad.

  8. 方式状语从句

  方式状语从句常由: as,  as if,  as though

  as ---与…… 一样

  Do in Rome as the Romans do.

  as if, as though --- 仿佛, 由as if或 as though引导的从句中可用虚拟语气

  She stood at the door as if (=as though) she were waiting for someone.

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